Meyer Lemon Itacen Kulawa: Ya Yi Thanari Fiye da Yadda Ku ke tsammani!

Lokacin da rai ya baku lemo, dasa bishiya don ta ƙara girma! Tare da kulawar itacen lemun tsami na Meyer mai kyau, lemon tsami ne mai ɗanɗano wanda zaku iya girma a cikin gidanku, duk inda kuka zauna.

Lemun lemon Meyer ba su da yawan kuzari fiye da na kantunan gargajiyar gargajiyar. Wannan yana basu wani dandano mai daɗi wanda masu dafa abinci da masu shan lemo ke haukata. Itace kanta tana da rai da launi tare da yayan itaciya mai-ruwan-lemo mai dauke da yalwar gaske, da shuke-shuke. Sau biyu a shekara, yana yin nuni tare da dunkulallen fararen furanni waɗanda zasu ƙawata ɗakin da ƙanshin su na citrusy.

Duk waɗannan halaye masu ban sha'awa, tare da kulawa mai sauƙi, suna sanya itacen lemun tsami na Meyer shahararrun citrus da ke girma a Amurka. Ba kasafai ake sayar da shi a shagunan sayar da kayan masarufi ba, don haka masu lambun ke son shuka da kansu. Da zarar mun gama tattauna wannan itaciyar mai ban mamaki, zaku so shiga cikin nishaɗin!



An dauki nauyin wannan sakon ta Saurin Bishiyoyi , tushen inganci ga bishiyoyin lemun Meyer da wasu nau'ikan daban-daban.

Samun Itacen 'Meyer Lemon Itacen' Meyer

Kyakkyawan Samfuran Don Aaukar Itacen Lemon Meyer:

Jagoran Kulawa Cikin Sauri


Sunan gama gari Meyer Lemon Tree, Ingantaccen Meyer Lemon Tree, Cikakken Lemon Tree, Dwarf Meyer Lemon Tree
Sunan Kimiyya Citrus x meyeri “Ingantacce”
Watan (s) na Girbi Watanni 4-8
Haske Cikakken rana
Ruwa Ruwa sosai lokacin da saman ƙasar ta bushe.
.Asa Loamy da kyau-draining.
Taki Aiwatar sau ɗaya a wata daga bazara zuwa faɗuwa.
Kwari Mites, sikelin kwari, aphids, whiteflies
Cututtuka Gurasar man shafawa, citta gwangwani, Phytophthora Gummosis, tushen ruɓewa

Game da Meyer Lemons

Meyer lemun tsami
Pinkan ruwan hoda kaɗan kafin buɗewa, furannin lemon Meyer ya zama fari mai haske da zarar an buɗe shi.

Meyer lemun tsami ana zargin gicciye ne tsakanin lemun gargajiya da na lemo na mandarin. Asalinsu an shigo dasu daga China amma suna dauke da cutar Citrus mai barazanar. A cikin 1975, Jami'ar California ta samar da irin da muke shukawa a yau. Wadannan ana kiran su lemonan 'Ingantattu' ko 'Cikakke' saboda suna da tsayayya ga kwayar citrus da aka samo a cikin kayan girkin lemon Meyer na farko.

Meyer lemun tsami suna girma kamar shrub amma ana iya horar dasu don girma kamar bishiyoyi cikakke. Lokacin da aka dasa su a cikin kwantena, yawanci ana kiyaye su don dacewa da girman tukunyar (kusa da ƙafa 4 tsayi ko ƙasa da haka). Lokacin da aka dasa su a cikin ƙasa, za su iya kai tsayin ƙafa 8-10 kuma su faɗi ƙafa 12 a faɗi.

Saboda sun kasance manya-manya, wadannan bishiyoyin citrus suna ba da fruita fruitan itace mafi kyau idan sun girma akan tushen da ke akwai maimakon iri. Sababbin bishiyoyi da aka dasa galibi suna ɗaukan shekaru 2 don fara 'ya'ya. Meyer bishiyar lemun tsami da aka sayar ta hanyar wuraren naci galibi za a ɗora shi zuwa asalinsu.

Shuka Meyer Lemon Itace s

Shuka bishiyar lemun tsami a ƙarshen hunturu ko farkon bazara kafin lokacin girma ya fara. Wannan zai ba shi ɗan lokaci kaɗan kafin ya fara aiki. Idan kana zaune a yankuna 8-11, zaka iya sanya shi ƙasa a ƙasa. A cikin yanayi mai sanyi, dole ne ku yi amfani da akwati kuma ku ajiye shi a cikin gida aƙalla a lokacin hunturu.

Da zarar ka sayi itacen lemun tsami kuma ka sami wuri, sai ka zame shi a hankali daga asalin asalin. Auki secondan daƙiƙa don tausa tushen ƙwallon da cire duk wani matacce ko mai mutuwa. Yada tushen ƙwallan don kada tushen ya juya tare. Shuka shi don haka sai kawai tushen kawai yake bayyane a saman ƙasa. Bayan haka, shafa ƙasa kuma ku ba shi abin sha mai kyau.

Meyer Lemon Itace Kulawa

Meyer furanni fara samar da
Fruitananan fruita fruitan itace daga ova ovan fure kamar oan koren ovals.

Kulawa gabaɗaya mai sauƙi ne amma yana da ɗan sarari don karkacewa. Idan kana son samun fa'ida sosai daga itacen lemun tsami na Meyer, waɗannan nasihun kulawa suna buƙatar bin su.

Haske & Zazzabi

Saboda sune bishiyoyin citrus, lemons Meyer suna buƙatar aƙalla awanni 8-10 na hasken rana domin su girma gaba ɗaya kuma suyi fruita fruitan itace. Wannan bishiyar na iya bunkasa ganyayyaki masu kunar rana, saboda haka sanya ido kan alamun cutar. Don ingantaccen ci gaba, zaɓi wuri inda take samun cikakken rana da safe da hasken kai tsaye a lokacin zafin rana. Tabbatar zai sami adadin haske daidai shekara-shekara.

Yawan zafin jiki ya zama tsakanin 50 da 80 ° F don mafi kyawun ci gaba. Idan ganga ta girma, yakamata a kawo bishiyar a cikin gida idan zafin yayi ƙasa da 50 ° F na tsawan lokaci. Kare bishiyar daga iska mai ƙarfi da sanyi.

Sau nawa Zuwa Ruwa

Meyer lemun tsami 'ya'yan itacen' ya'yan itace kamar ƙasa mai laushi amma ba a jiƙa ba. Shayar da shi sosai har sai ruwan ya fito ta ramin magudanan ruwa. Don gujewa ambaliyar bishiyar, jira manyan inci kaɗan na ƙasa su bushe kafin sake sake shayarwa. Tare da wannan itacen 'ya'yan itacen, ya fi kyau a ƙarƙashin ruwa fiye da yadda yake cikin ruwa.

Tabbatar tsabtace ƙarin ruwa wanda ke malala daga cikin tukunyar kuma lokaci-lokaci duba magudanan ruwa. Yawan ruwa na iya nutsar da asalinsu, yana jan ƙwaro, kuma yana haifar da ƙwayoyin cuta da fungal.

Don bishiyoyi da aka dasa kai tsaye a cikin ƙasa, auna yanayin danshi yana da mahimmanci. Sun fi son ƙasarsu ta zama mai danshi, amma ba mai laushi ko laka ba.

Treesananan bishiyoyi zasu buƙaci ƙarin ruwa yayin da suke haɓaka kuma ya kamata a shayar aƙalla sau ɗaya a mako. A lokacin zafi, karin ruwa ya zama dole don kiyaye samfuran samari da rai. Tsoffin bishiyoyi ana iya shayar dasu ba da yawa ba, amma har yanzu suna son tsakanin inci 3-6 na ruwa kowane mako biyu. Don waɗannan tsofaffin bishiyoyin, zurfin, jinkirin shayarwa ta amfani da tsarin ban ruwa na drip shine mafi kyau.

.Asa

Soilasa ɗayan mahimman abubuwa ne na kiyaye kowane tsiro da rai. Lokacin girma lemons na Meyer, zaku buƙaci ƙasa mai ƙyalƙyali kuma mai kyau sosai. Sanya naku loamy gauraya ta hanyar haɗa sassan ƙasa daidai (a ƙasa mai yashi ko ƙasa mai laushi mai kyau-lafiya), kowane lokaci , da sphagnum peat gansakuka . A madadin haka, nemi ƙasa mai gauraya don itacen citrus.

Meyer lemon bishiyoyi sun fi son pH na ƙasa na 5.5-6.5 (mai taushi acidic zuwa tsaka tsaki). Wannan kwatankwacin irin itacen citrus kuma mai sauƙin saukarwa. Idan baku san pH na ƙasarku ba, a gwada shi sannan kuma daidaita yadda ake buƙata.

Takin taki

Lemons Meyer masu ciyarwa ne masu nauyi, saboda haka kuna buƙatar takin kai tsaye. Dogaro da takin da kuka zaba, takin itacen ku sau ɗaya a wata a lokacin noman. Yi amfani da takin gargajiya na musamman na citrus wanda yake cike da nitrogen.

Idan jinkirin jinkiri shine yafi salonku, yi amfani da madaidaicin kashi a farkon lokacin girma. Sake aikawa a duk tsawon lokacin kamar yadda kunshin ya koyar. Ba tare da la'akari da zabin taki ba, zaku iya bawa bishiyar karin kwarin gwiwa ta hanyar kari da takin zamani wanda aka narkar dashi kamar su takin mai magani ko kuma emulsion na kifi.

Pollining

Lemun tsami Meyer lemon bishiya
Koren duhu, fruita fruitan itacen bishiyar Meyer a ci gaba.

Meyer lemun tsami bishiyoyin suna tallata kansu, saboda haka baku damu da nemo abokin zama ba. A dabi'a, galibi iska ko kwari suna gurɓata su.

Idan bishiyar ku tana zaune a cikin gida lokacin bazara da bazara, lallai ne ku cika na ƙudan zuma. Amfani da auduga ko abin goge fure, a hankali tattara fure daga fure ɗaya a turza shi akan wani. Pollination yana da mahimmanci idan kuna son samun 'ya'yan lemun tsami daga itacenku.

Girma a cikin Kwantena

Yana da mahimmanci ga itacen lemun tsami na Meyer a girma cikin kwantena - musamman a yanayin sanyi. Kuna buƙatar aƙalla akwatin galan 5 wanda ke da ramuka na magudana. Idan yayi nauyi sosai don ɗagawa tare da itacen a ciki, yi amfani da dolly mai motsi ko ka nemi aboki ya taimake ka ka motsa shi. Gyara bishiyar kowace shekara kamar yadda ake buƙata don kar ta sami tushe.

Idan yana cikin gida, sanya bishiyar lemun tsami ta taga wacce take samun hasken rana daidai gwargwado. Ka tuna cewa waɗannan bishiyoyi suna buƙatar haske mai yawa, don haka kari tare da girma haske idan ana bukata. Juya bishiyar kowane lokaci don ba ta ko da fallasa haske.

nawa kuke bayarwa don gyaran kafa

Matsar da bishiyar ciki ko waje kawai lokacin da yanayin zafi yayi daidai da haka. In ba haka ba, bambancin zafin jiki kwatsam na iya girgiza shuka. Idan kawai ka motsa shi a waje, kiyaye shi a cikin inuwa na 'yan makonni don haka zai iya daidaita zuwa yalwar haske.

Tare da bambance-bambancen zafin jiki, yankuna 8-11 galibi suna da ɗumi mafi girma fiye da yankunan mai sanyaya. Kuna iya ƙara ƙarin danshi da ke cikin yanayi tare da danshi. Peaƙƙarfan tsakuwa a ƙarƙashin itacen kuma na iya samar da ƙarin danshi.

Lura cewa idan itaciyarku tana cikin gida kawai, thea fruitan itacen na iya ɗaukar shekara guda kafin su nuna.

Pruning / Horon

Yanke bishiyar bishiyar Meyer ɗin ka don kiyaye girman ta kuma rassan sunada ƙarfin ɗaukar nauyin ofa fruitan itace. Anan akwai wasu nasihun yanke:

  • Cire rassan da ba 'ya'yan itace da suke girma kai tsaye.
  • Rabu da rassa waɗanda suke ƙetarewa ko girma a ciki.
  • Kiyaye tsakiyar itacen ya isa sosai don ƙarfafa zagawar iska.
  • Don ci gaban bishiyoyi, cire harbe-harbe a ƙasa don ya kiyaye ɗaya, keɓaɓɓen akwati.
  • Ana iya horar da lemons Meyer azaman bishiyar espalier !

Kuna iya taimakawa bishiyar ku ta samar da bettera fruitan itace mafi kyau ta hanyar juyawa kuzarin sa ta hanyar yankewa, suma. Yi girma lemun tsami ta hanyar rage kowane ƙwayar 'ya'yan itace zuwa lemons ɗaya ko biyu. Arfin da itacen zai sanya a cikin kowane lemon da aka cire zai shiga cikin 'yan waɗanda ka zaɓa don adana su. Yana iya zama kamar kunya, amma wannan zai mai da hankali ga itacen don samar da ingantaccen fruita highan itace da higha vegetan ciyayi.

Yada bishiyar Meyer Lemon s

Lemons Meyer da aka girma daga tsaba basu cika girma ba kuma suna bada 'ya'ya. Madadin haka, yawancin lambu sun fi son yadawa ta hanyar yanke cutan ko kuma dasa su. Ga duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani.

Propagate yayin girma lokacin da itacen ke amfani da kuzarinsa sosai. Kuna buƙatar abubuwa masu zuwa:

  • Akwatin gallon 1 tare da ramuka magudanan ruwa
  • Bakararre, ƙasa mai daɗaɗɗu
  • Rooting hormone
  • Tawul mai danshi mai danshi
  • Masu yankan tsab
  • Wuka mai kaifi, mai tsabta

Amfani da masu yankan ka, ɗauki yankan ka daga ƙarshen reshen lafiya. Yakamata ya zama balagagge amma ba furanni da fruita fruitan itace. Yankan yana buƙatar tsayi don samun node ganye 2-3. Nan da nan kunsa gefen da aka yanke a cikin tawul ɗin takarda mai ɗumi don kada ya bushe.

Kashe duka amma saman ganyen 3-4 akan yankan. Cire kowane buds kuma. Tare da wuka mai kaifi, maimaita ƙarshen a kusurwa 45 °.

Nitsar da ƙarshen yankan cikin homonin sai ya liƙa shi tsaye a cikin ƙasa mai daushin ƙasa. Soilasa da tukunya na bukatar zama bakararre don hana cututtukan da ke tattare da Citrus.

Ka sanya ƙasa tayi laushi da hasken rana kai tsaye. A cikin kimanin makonni 8, yankan zai samo asali kuma zai fara shuka sabbin ganye.

Girbi & Adana Meyer Lemons

Kwatanta lemon meyer da lemon eureka
Lemon Meyer na hagu, lemun tsami na dama a dama. Lura da ƙarami girman kuma ɗan siffa daban-daban.

Wannan dole ne ya zama mafi ban sha'awa da lada a cikin itacen 'ya'yan itace. Girbi yana da sauƙi kuma 'ya'yan itacen suna da daɗi!

Girbi

Wannan furannin bishiyar 'ya'yan itacen Citrus sau biyu a shekara, galibi a farkon bazara da faduwar. Zai iya daukar watanni 6 ko sama da haka don lemunan sun girma, saboda haka dole ne ku yi haƙuri. Lemun tsami kawai suke yi a bishiyar, saboda haka kar a debe su da wuri. Idan sun nuna, za su zama launin ruwan kwai kuma bawon zai zama mai ɗan taushi ga taɓawa. Yakamata su zama suna da nauyi irin na sauran lemukan.

Yanke ko yanke ɗan itacen daga bishiyar don kada ku jawo lalacewa ta hanyar dibar ta. Lemons meyer an fi cinsu sabo kuma suna da kyau a kusan kowane irin abinci. Ari da, sun dace da lemonade!

Adanawa

Lemon Meyer da aka bari akan kwandon girki galibi baya wuce sati. Koyaya, adana su a cikin buhu mai ɗauka a cikin firiji zai tsawaita rayuwarsu da wata guda! Yanke lemun tsami ya kamata a rufe shi a cikin firjin kuma zai daɗe na wasu .an kwanaki.

Lemons na iya daskarewa amma yana iya samun mushy idan aka narke. Yawancin lokaci suna daskararre kuma ana amfani da ruwan 'ya'yan su a cikin abubuwan sha. Kawai riƙe su a cikin injin daskarewa na tsawon watanni 3-4 idan duka. Idan aka sha ruwan, za a iya daskarar da ruwan har tsawon watanni 6.

Kuna iya adana lemons ɗin Meyer na dogon lokaci ta hanyar yin gwangwani kamar su jams, jellies, ko marmalades. Bugu da kari, akwai fasahohi da yawa na adana lemons din Meyer na candied ko gishiri, da yawa daga cikinsu ana amfani da su a cikin abincin Bahar Rum.

Zwayoyin lemun tsami galibi ɗayan ɓangarorin da aka fi daraja ne na lemon Meyer. Wannan murfin waje na kwasfa ya ƙunshi yawancin mai wanda ke haifar da ɗanɗano mai ɗanɗano. Wasu sun zaɓi bushewa ko daskare lemon ƙamshi don amfani mai zuwa, amma ba zai taɓa zama mai ƙarfi da haske kamar yadda sabon zest yake ba.

Don kyakkyawar alamar lemun tsami don amfani dashi a cikin burodi na gaba, gwada zesting ɗin lemon kai tsaye cikin kwano na sukari. Tausa sukari da lemun tsami tare da yatsan hannu, sa'annan sanya shi a wuri mai dumi har zafin ya bushe. Mai dehydrator da aka saita don adana ganye (ƙasa da digiri 100) ya dace da busar da sukarin lemon. Da zarar an shanya, sai a fasa duk dunƙulen da suka samu kuma a ajiye shi a cikin mason jar. Wannan dabarar tana aiki da kyau don gishiri don amfani dashi wajan dafa abinci mai dadi kuma!

Shirya matsala

Meyer lemun tsami
Lemons Meyer suna da siffar bushy, amma ana iya yanke shi zuwa ɗabi'ar itacen da aka datse.

Ingantaccen lemons na Meyer na iya zama kyauta daga kwayar citrus, amma wannan ba yana nufin basu da matsala ba. Ga wasu batutuwa na yau da kullun don kulawa.

Matsalolin da ke ƙaruwa

Idan bishiyar 'ya'yan itacen ku yellowing ganye , wataƙila yana buƙatar ƙarin taki ko ruwa. Idan rashin ruwa shine matsalar anan, ganyen zasu bushe shima. Kuna iya yin sauri don gyara wannan, amma kar a mamaye shi a matsayin mafita! Ka ba bishiyarka ruwa a hankali. Haka abin yake don kara taki. Idan shukar ku ta riga ta kasance akan jadawalin takin gargajiya, kara dan takin ruwa don karin ci gaba.

Wani korafi na yau da kullun game da lemun lemon Meyer wanda ke ƙaruwa a cikin gida shine cewa su ba furanni ko samar da fruita fruitan itace ba . Wannan mai yiwuwa ne saboda itace baya samun isasshen hasken rana. Yana buƙatar jiƙa kamar yadda zai iya don 'ya'yan itace. Nemo wuri mai haske don sanya bishiyar kuma la'akari da kari tare da haske mai girma.

Wilting ganye alamace ta yawan ruwa. Watarin ruwa zai iya haifar da lalacewar tsire-tsire na ciki, don haka ku mai da hankali. Tabbatar cewa saman inchesan inci kaɗan na ƙasar sun bushe kafin a ba su ruwa. Idan kasar gona tana cikin jike-jike koyaushe, gwada sauya shi don wanda zai fi kyau kyau.

Kwari

Akwai kwari da yawa da zasu iya kaiwa bishiyoyin citrus hari, amma waɗanda zaku iya gani sune citrus mites , Citrus sikelin kwari , farin kuda , kuma aphids . Dukkanin huɗun suna ciyar da ganyen bishiyar ta hanyar tsotse ruwan. Suna iya haifar da waɗannan alamun bayyanar:

  • Rawanin rawaya
  • Zuba ganye
  • White cottony ko waxy wax (sikelin kwari)
  • Brown, curling ganye

Rigakafin shine zaɓi mafi sauƙi don sanya farin cikin lemon. Ka kiyaye bishiyarka ta hanyar cire matattun ganyaye ko rassa, da fruita fruitan itacen da suka wuce gona da iri. Yanke rassan don haka akwai isasshen iska a tsakanin su.

Idan akwai kwari tuni akan bishiyar ku, amfani da kayan lambu ko dauki mai iya kawar da yawancin ƙwai da larvae. Hakanan za'a iya amfani da magungunan kashe kwari kamar su pyrethrin don kashe kwari.

Cututtuka

Kiyaye kwari kuma zai taimaka wajen hana cututtuka a cikin shuka. Idan bishiyar ku har yanzu tana nuna alamun bayyanar, bincika jadawalin mu don yadda za'a magance su:

Cuta Kwayar cututtuka Hana Magani
Abun GyadiM, maƙasudin ruwan kasa akan ganyen.Fesa kayan gwari na jan ƙarfe akan ganyen kafin da bayan bazara.Fesa kayan gwari na jan ƙarfe akan dukkan saman ganye.
Citrus CankerMutuwar rassa, asarar ganye, da launin ruwan kasa, kumfa mai laushi.Fesa itacen da 'ya'yan itace da kayan kwalliyar jan ƙarfe na fewan watannin farko bayan furannin sun shude.Cire sassan da suka kamu da cutar.
Phytophthora GummosisFitar ruwan dajin da ke yaduwa daga haushi na iya haifar da rauni ko sa haushi ya huce.Sanya akwatin ya bushe kuma zafin yayi dumi. Yi amfani da ƙasa mai kyau kuma bincika itacen lokaci-lokaci don cuta.Tsarma kayan ciki na kayan ƙanshi fosetyl-al bisa ga umarnin kunshin kuma fesa ko fenti shi a jikin akwatin. Magungunan fungic na jan ƙarfe zaɓi ne na zahiri.
Tushen rubaTushen ya zama ruwan kasa da kuma mushy. Rushewar na iya yaɗuwa zuwa ga rassa da ganye.Yi amfani da ƙasa mai kyau kuma kada ku cika ruwa. Cire tarkace daga ƙasa, kiyaye bushewar gangar jikin, da datsa don zagayawa ta iska.Cire sassan ɓangaren cutar (a cikin tsire-tsire-tsire-tsire-tsire) kuma canza ƙasa.

Tambayoyi akai-akai

Tambaya: Shin filayen kofi suna da kyau ga bishiyoyin lemon Meyer?

Zuwa: Filin kofi babban kwaskwarima ne ga yawancin bishiyoyi. Ba za su ba da ruwan ƙasa ba, don haka kada ku dogara gare su don taimakawa da hakan! Amma zasu bada kananan nitrogen yayin da suke lalata.

Tambaya: Yaya tsawon lokacin da itacen lemun tsami na Meyer ya ba da ’ya’ya?

A: Idan ka sayi bishiyarka an riga an ɗora kuma tana girma, zai ɗauki kimanin shekaru 2 don yin fruita fruita. Idan kuna girma lemons na Meyer daga yankan, dole ne ku jira shekaru 3-5 don 'ya'yan itace.

Tambaya: Me yasa ganyaye akan itacen lemon Meyer na suka zama rawaya?

A: Itacenku na iya zama cikin ruwa ko kuma yana iya buƙatar ƙarin abubuwan gina jiki. Ayyade abin da yake ta hanyar bincika ƙanshi na ƙasa. A wasu lokuta, sanya launin rawaya na iya zama alamar kwaro ko cuta, don haka bincika ƙarin alamun.


Shin kuna shirye don gwada sabon ilimin citrus? Yana iya ɗaukar ɗan lokaci kaɗan don amfani da buƙatun lemon Meyer, amma wannan ya zama itace mai sauƙi don kulawa. Yi daidai, kuma za a saka maka da ganyaye masu haske, furanni masu ƙanshi, da mafi kyaun lemon da ka taɓa ɗanɗanawa!